Nizhny Novgorod region is one of the largest regions in the European part of the Russian Federation; it is included into Volga Federal District. The region’s area is 76 900 km2, and population – 3 296 947 people (data as of 2012).
Nizhny Novgorod region’s economic capacity is one of the highest among all the regions of the Russian Federation. The main manufacturing sectors are: machine building; conversion ferrous metallurgy; timber, pulp and paper, consumer, and food industries.
Machine building and metal works plants produce trucks and motor cars, buses, caterpillar tractors, auto parts, details and components, river and sea crafts, vehicle and ship combustion engines, aircrafts, machine tools, devices, instruments, equipment for chemical, consumer and food industries.
Chemical plants produce organic synthesis products, plastics, synthetic resin, plexiglas, varnishes, paints, pesticides, etc.
A rapid growth of construction supplies manufacture in the region has been observable during the recent years.
Major enterprises: OJSC GAZ, OJSC Nizhny Novgorod Sokol Aircraft-building Plant, OJSC Nizhny Novgorod Machine-building Plant, OJSC Krasnoye Sormovo Factory, OJSC A. S. Popov GZAS plant, OJSC NITEL, OJSC RUMO (Dvigatel Revolyutsii), OJSC Normal, OJSC Gidromash, OJSC Krasny Yakor, OJSC Volgovyatskvtortsvetmet, OJSC Orgsintez, CJSC AviaTehMas, OJSC Nizhfarm, CJSC Mayak, OJSC Pavlovo Bus Plant, OJSC Zawolzhye Engine Plant, OJSC Arzamas Instrument-making Plant, OJSC Vyksa Steel Works, OJSC Ruspolimet, and others.
The power base of Nizhny Novgorod region is regarded as capacious and solid: Nizhny Novgorod Hydroelectric Power Plant and several large thermal power stations are located on its territory, the first unit of Nizhny Novgorod Atomic Power Station is slated for launch by 2016.
Nizhny Novgorod region’s agroindustrial sector is represented by grain and vegetable production, cattle breeding.
The region’s transport infrastructure is well developed. The total length of all the region’s motor roads in general use, including highways of federal, regional and local significance, is 17 920 km as of January 1, 2012.
All railway lines in the region belong to Gorky Railway, with the directorate in Nizhny Novgorod. The main railway junctions are located in Nizhny Novgorod and Arzamas. From 2010, high-speed Sapsan trains run on the Moscow – Nizhny Novgorod railway branch. The international airport of Nizhny Novgorod functions in the center of the region.
Nizhny Novgorod region’s cultural potential is quite high: 7 state and 61 municipal museums, 5 exhibition halls, 15 theaters, a philharmonic, a conservatory, 7 specialized secondary education establishments, 120 music schools, schools of painting, art schools, and 3 professional orchestras functionate there.
Arts and crafts are widely spread in Nizhny Novgorod region. Works of craftsmen who specialize in Golden Khokhloma, Balakhna guipure, Kazakovo filigree, and Gorodets painting are renowned nationwide.
Nizhny Novgorod region is the area of unique natural sites: Kerzhenets reserve, Ichalovo natural area, Lake Vad and mysterious Lake Svetloyar, reflected in the legend about the town of Kitezh that sank into its waters.
The Pushkin family estate, Boldino village, associated with life and creativity of the great Russian poet A.S. Pushkin, is located in Nizhny Novgorod region as well.
Zheltovodsky Makaryev Convent, founded in the first half of the XV century by St. Makary the Wonderworker, is located near the creek of Kerzhenets river. Diveevo Nunnery is the destination of orthodox pilgrimage as an abode under the protection of St. Serafim of Sarov the Wonderworker, whose hallows reside in the Trinity Cathedral.
Nizhny Novgorod, the administrative capital of the region, is the fifth most populous city (1 255 159 citizens), and an important economic, transport and cultural center of the Russian Federation. The city is also the center of Nizhny Novgorod agglomeration, populated by 2,08 millions of people – it is the fourth largest locality in Russia, and the second in the Middle Volga district.
Nizhny Novgorod is located at the confluence of rivers Volga and Oka, within 439 km east of Moscow. It was founded in 1221 by Grand Duke of Vladimir, Yury (Georgy) Vsevolodovich. Over the 1932 to 1990 period, the city’s name was Gorky (after the writer Maxim Gorky, whose life and work were closely associated with Nizhny Novgorod).
Nizhny Novgorod is the capital of Volga Federal District. It is noted for developed shipbuilding, aircraft engineering, car manufacturing, and informational technology industries. From 1959 to 1991 the city was off limits to foreign visitors, but nowadays it maintains international relations and appears to be not only one of the largest cultural, industrial, scientific center of the Russian Federation, but also the venue for various international expos and forums at the premises of Nizhny Novgorod Fair.
Transport infrastructure includes an international airport, passenger and cargo river harbors, a large railway terminal. This helps to implement an idea of extending the transnational European tunnel up to Nizhny Novgorod and to make the region more attractive to visitors.
Congenial investment climate is represented in Nizhny Novgorod. Today over 100 foreign-owned enterprises functionate in the city. Some large-scale projects are realized in partnership with foreign corporations. The subsidiaries of European Bank for Reconstruction and Development operate in Nizhny Novgorod, some of them credit small and medium-sized businesses.
Nizhny Novgorod Fair is an award-winning business center of Volga Federal District. After its rebirth in early 1990s as the largest Russian expocenter, it became a venue for the meetings of the most competent representatives of business, politics, and authorities, visiting Nizhny Novgorod to review economical innovations, share best practices, discuss the national development trends. Many historical landmarks in Nizhny Novgorod are intact – for that reason UNESCO included Nizhny Novgorod in the world 100 cities of the greatest historical and cultural value list.We Welcome Your Cooperation